Saturday, March 16, 2013
Budapest Then and Then: Jules Verne and Robert B. Parker
Passport to PerilHard Case Crime; New York (Dorchester Publishing Co.: 2009), originally published 1951.
The Secret of Wilhelm StoritzBison Frontiers of the Imagination; Lincoln, Nebraska (Bison Books: 2011), translated and edited by Peter Shulman.
Two authors, quite unalike. Two time periods, very different. Two portraits of Budapest written 50 years apart.Jules Verne is probably familiar to you. If not, gargling the Internet will result in virtual reams of information.
Let’s begin with the more recent author, Robert B. Parker. This isn’t Robert Brown Parker, who wrote a series of private eye novels about a character named Spenser and a few westerns, one of which -- Appaloosa -- was the basis of a 2008 motion picture.No, I’m talking about Robert Bogardus Parker, a World War 2-era newspaper correspondent and undercover OSS operative. He is the author of Passport to Peril, a post-war thriller republished in 2009 by Hard Case Crime.
My favorite Hard Case Crime publications are its “rediscovered pulp classics.” There is a vigor in the prose of these novels that makes them fresh and entertaining. Although their settings are 50 or 60 yeas past, they don’t feel dated, but as though they were only recently minted. Another of these HCC discoveries I rank highly is David Dodge’s Plunder of the Sun.The hero of Passport to Peril is John Stodder, an American traveling to Hungary. Like many of the heroes in Hitchcock films, Stodder is an innocent caught up in evil events by seeming coincidence.
But Stodder isn’t quite so innocent. We learn at the end of Chapter One that he is traveling under a fake name, using a Swiss passport made out to Marcel Blaye. In that same chapter, we learn that Blaye is a real person, and he has been murdered.Parker tilts the reader’s expectations right off the bat, by introducing doubt about the novel’s narrator, Stodder. Did he kill Blaye? Why is he traveling under a dead man’s passport? And why is Stodder suddenly so desperate to escape the men stalking the woman with whom he is sharing a train compartment?
These elements tip the narrative off the platform of the train car and get the plot rolling. And it rolls fast. The pacing whips along, with Parker introducing a variety of colorful and deadly characters.Spies, doublecrosses, underground Nazis, and devilish Soviet agents and Mata Haris.
Parker does a great job rollicking his characters along in post-war, Soviet-occupied Budapest, which might be said to act as a character itself, much in the way the city of Ed McBain’s 87th Precinct novels is more than just a setting for the action. Stodder frequently compares the dreary, blasted Budapest to the city and its sights he knew before the war.Another view of Budapest appears in Jules Verne’s Secret ofWilhelm Storitz. This novel was apparently the last the author finished before his death in 1905; it was remarkably altered by his son, Michel, before it was published in 1910:
First, he changed the era in which the story takes place from the late nineteenth century to the eighteenth. . . Michel had to comb through the manuscript and replace nineteenth-century references and words and make them all eighteenth-century ones. Finally, and more substantially, he changed Verne’s poignant and highly original ending to a completely conventional “happy ending.” (xiii)In the 1980s, Verne’s original manuscripts were made public, and the extent of Michel’s fiddling in the posthumously published books was made very apparent. The 2011 Bison Books edition is the first authentic English translation that has been made available.
Henry Vidal, the narrator of Storitz, travels to Ragz, a fictional Hungarian town, to visit his brother and attend his wedding. So, like Parker’s Stodder, Vidal is a traveler.He leaves Paris by train to Vienna, where he boards a steamship to travel the Danube all the way to Ragz.
Verne offers “a leisurely, descriptive ‘travelogue’ of Henry’s trip down the Danube. Such travelogues are inserted into many of his books, even though they might not have anything to do with the actual plot or narratives. According to Verne scholar Terry Harpold, they are like musical interludes in a Bollywood film.” (203) This interlude is particularly valuable to readers who want a good picture of the place at period -- a description that might only be surpassed if the reader were to get his hands on a contemporary edition of a Baedeker for the region.Verne’s Vidal describes his arrival at Budapest:
A magnificent suspended bridge crosses the Danube from Buda to Pest. It’s the hyphen between the Turkish city and the Magyar one -- Buda then Pest. Fleets of different crafts pass beneath its arches. The water transport consists of covered canal barges, each topped by a jackstaff and equipped with a large rudder with a bar stretching all the way over the cuddy. Both banks are transformed into wharfs bordered by architecturally interesting homes with towering spires and bells above them. (18)Vidal devotes several passages to his explorations of Budapest. This is a colorful, vivacious city that demonstrates a dynamic and vigorous culture. This portrait is far different from the picture drawn by Parker’s narrator, Stodder.
As Stodder’s adventures are made more dangerous by covert Nazis and Soviet agents, Vidal’s voyage is haunted by a rude, ominous German. In time, Vidal learns this stranger is the Wilhelm Storitz of the work’s title -- a mysterious, brooding and dangerous man whose romantic advances toward Vidal’s future sister-in-law were rejected. Storitz had afterward voiced serious threats against the engaged bride and groom.After Vidal’s arrival in Ragz, a number of inexplicable events beset the wedding couple and their families. For example, an engagement party in the bride’s home is invaded and ruined by an apparent ghost.
Eventually Storitz is revealed to be at the center of these attacks. He remains at large and a threat to the community’s happiness, for like H.G. Wells’ Griffin, Storitz has obtained a concoction that renders him invisible.The psychological terror Storitz renders the wedding couple is in many ways greater than the physical damage he threatens. In both Parker’s novel and Verne’s, evil is introduced by the presence of unwelcome foreigners: Germans and Russians for Stodder; the German Storitz for Vidal.
Ragz, though an artificial creation by Verne, is presented as a cheery, energetic community, similar to the Budapest visited by Vidal. But the entrance of Storitz’s threats and terrors causes an atmosphere of dread to settle over Ragz -- not so different from the scenes in Budapest described in Passport to Peril by Parker.
Subscribe to Posts [Atom]